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November 2023

Tuesday, 28 November 2023 00:00

Rocker Bottom Foot in Newborns

Vertical talus, often known as a rocker bottom foot, is a rare congenital condition in children where the talus bone, a key ankle component, points towards the ground instead of the toes. This misalignment leads to a stiff foot without an arch. It can occur alone or be associated with other health conditions. Diagnosis typically occurs at birth or through prenatal ultrasound. A podiatrist can assess flexibility and rigidity, using X-rays to determine the severity of misalignment. Oblique talus, a milder form of rocker bottom foot, shows misalignment only during weight-bearing. Treatment is aimed at reducing pain, advancing stability, and creating a functional foot. Non-surgical options, such as stretching or casting, may precede surgery. A series of casts can gradually improve foot flexibility. If surgery is needed, it corrects bone positions, potentially involving tendon or ligament lengthening. Post-surgery, casts, and pins are used to maintain corrections. Special shoes or braces may prevent recurrence. Understanding rocker bottom foot deformities is important for early detection and effective treatment. With a combination of non-surgical and surgical approaches, podiatrists aim to ensure pain-free, stable, and functional feet for optimal childhood development. Regular follow-up visits can help to monitor growth and address issues promptly. It is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to discuss the treatment schedule for your child.

Congenital foot problems require immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Florida Foot & Ankle Group, P.A.. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Congenital foot problems are deformities affecting the feet, toes, and/or ankles that children are born with. Some of these conditions have a genetic cause while others just happen. Some specific foot ailments that children may be born with include clubfeet, polydactyly/macrodactyly, and cleft foot. There are several other foot anomalies that can occur congenitally. What all of these conditions have in common is that a child may experience difficulty walking or performing everyday activities, as well as trouble finding footwear that fits their foot deformity. Some of these conditions are more serious than others. Consulting with a podiatrist as early as possible will help in properly diagnosing a child’s foot condition while getting the necessary treatment underway.

What are Causes of Congenital Foot Problem?

A congenital foot problem is one that happens to a child at birth. These conditions can be caused by a genetic predisposition, developmental or positional abnormalities during gestation, or with no known cause.

What are Symptoms of Congenital Foot Problems?

Symptoms vary by the congenital condition. Symptoms may consist of the following:

  • Clubfoot, where tendons are shortened, bones are shaped differently, and the Achilles tendon is tight, causing the foot to point in and down. It is also possible for the soles of the feet to face each other.
  • Polydactyly, which usually consists of a nubbin or small lump of tissue without a bone, a toe that is partially formed but has no joints, or an extra toe.
  • Vertical talus, where the talus bone forms in the wrong position causing other bones in the foot to line up improperly, the front of the foot to point up, and the bottom of the foot to stiffen, with no arch, and to curve out.
  • Tarsal coalition, when there is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot leading to severe, rigid flatfoot.
  • Cleft foot, where there are missing toes, a V-shaped cleft, and other anatomical differences.
  • Macrodactyly, when the toes are abnormally large due to overgrowth of the underlying bone or soft tissue.

Treatment and Prevention

While there is nothing one can do to prevent congenital foot problems, raising awareness and receiving neonatal screenings are important. Early detection by taking your child to a podiatrist leads to the best outcome possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Debary, Lake Mary, Orlando, and Oviedo, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Congenital Foot Problems
Tuesday, 21 November 2023 00:00

Orthotics for Plantar Fasciitis

Managing plantar fasciitis can make mornings difficult, as stepping out of bed often brings heel pain. This common condition causes discomfort in the heel or foot arch, hindering activities such as exercising and walking. Plantar fasciitis stems from various causes, including excessive exercise, repetitive motion, or from wearing ill-fitting footwear Additionally, conditions that can include high arches, flat feet, weight gain, diabetes, and arthritis may also lead to developing this condition. These factors can lead to inflammation in the plantar fascia. Custom-made orthotics, tailored to your foot's biomechanics and gait, can be an effective treatment. These devices, fitted in your shoes, can aid in recovery from stress or tears and mitigate movements causing inflammation. If you suffer from persistent plantar fasciitis pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can design orthotics for you to help manage your heel pain.

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact one of our podiatrists from Florida Foot & Ankle Group, P.A.. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Are Orthotics?

Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts

Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics

If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Debary, Lake Mary, Orlando, and Oviedo, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Orthotics

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, abbreviated TTS, is a relatively rare but painful condition involving the compression of the tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel, a narrow passageway on the inside of the ankle. The tarsal tunnel is enclosed by bone and ligaments, and when pressure is exerted on the tibial nerve within this space, it can lead to TTS. The exact causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome can vary, but common factors include injury or trauma to the ankle, such as sprains or fractures, which may lead to swelling and compression of the nerve. Overpronation, where the foot rolls excessively inward, can also place additional stress on the tibial nerve. Other factors contributing to TTS may include systemic conditions like diabetes, which can result in nerve inflammation and entrapment. Recognizing the potential causes of tarsal tunnel syndrome is essential in seeking appropriate medical care and taking preventive measures to alleviate this painful condition. If you have foot pain, it is suggested that you contact a podiatrist who can accurately diagnose and treat tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of Florida Foot & Ankle Group, P.A.. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Debary, Lake Mary, Orlando, and Oviedo, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Thursday, 09 November 2023 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Heel pain is a common grievance that can impact people of all ages and lifestyles. To understand why it afflicts so many, it is essential to delve into its multifaceted causes. One of the primary culprits is plantar fasciitis, where the tissue connecting the heel to the toes becomes inflamed due to excessive strain, often stemming from prolonged standing, or from wearing improper footwear. Another common source of heel pain is Achilles tendonitis, an overuse injury affecting the tendon at the back of the heel, which can result from intense physical activities and inadequate rest. Heel spurs, small calcium deposits on the heel bone, can also trigger discomfort, often linked to conditions like plantar fasciitis. Additionally, various systemic diseases, such as arthritis, can manifest as heel pain. If you have heel pain for any reason, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can determine what that cause is, and offer treatment options that are right for you.

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists of Florida Foot & Ankle Group, P.A.. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Debary, Lake Mary, Orlando, and Oviedo, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain
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